Osteopathy and Mirror Therapy for Phantom Limb Pain

Joseph Tessler


Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a major complication of limb amputation surgery, affecting up to 75% of post-amputation patients. The exact mechanism of PLP remains unknown, but current research suggests several neurologic pathways may be involved.   Treatment for PLP involves a combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological modalities. Mirror therapy appears to be growing in popularity since it was first researched in 1996 and current therapies attempt to build on its promising results. The goal of this article is to review the currently proposed mechanisms of PLP, treatment options available, and propose osteopathic manipulative techniques that may potentially be applied to mirror therapy in the treatment of PLP.


osteopathic;PLP;phantom limb pain

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