Pneumomediastinum: A Case Report

  • David Song Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania
  • Daniel S Hahn Stony Brook University

Abstract

Pneumomediastinum, also known as Mediastinal Emphysema, is defined as having free air or gas located in the mediastinum. Patients have symptoms of emphysema, dysphagia, vomiting, shortness of breath, coughing, and pain in the chest area. There are several precipitating factors or etiologies that can be associated as either intrathoracic/secondary pneumomediastinum or extrathoracic/spontaneous pneumomediastinum. Spontaneous or secondary pneumomediastinum triggers can range from asthma, use of recreational drugs, excessive vomiting, child-bearing, chest and lung infectious disease, forced pressure to the lungs such as Valsalva maneuver, ruptured alveoli, iatrogenic manipulation during wisdom tooth extractions, and blunt trauma towards the neck and chest area. 

Author Biographies

David Song, Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania
Clinical Research Coordinator at Penn Medicine
Daniel S Hahn, Stony Brook University

Secondary Author

Published
2019-01-13
Section
Original Research